Thursday, June 16, 2016

What are the maximum economic, social, and ecological benefits that can be achieved by integrating nature into cities? Symbiosis Principal Giancarlo Mangone presents the potential benefits of existing and innovative urban natural environment integration strategies at the EAEE 2016 conference in Lisbon

Existing urban natural integration strategies tend to be ineffective at generating economic, ecological, and social benefits to local communities, compared to the potential benefits that natural environments can provide. Symbiosis Principal Giancarlo Mangone presents an investigation of the potential benefits of different types of existing urban natural environment integration strategies, such as landscapes and building integrated natural environments, as well as the potential benefits of a more innovative, integrated urban natural environment type that can have substantially greater ecological value. Learn more at his presentation on June 16th at the EAEE/ARCC 2016 conference in Lisbon, Portugal

Tuesday, May 31, 2016

Symbiosis Principal Giancarlo Mangone proposes a more effective sustainable building design method and offers an innovative, highly effective sustainable building design solution in his recent journal paper, Constructing hybrid infrastructure

Building developments can be significantly more sustainable than those that are currently being developed. Moreover, building developments can play a significant role in developing sustainable communities, as well as resolving the negative global ecological impacts that human communities have on natural ecosystems that are endangering the ability of human communities to survive and thrive in the coming century. However, more innovative and rigorous design solutions are needed to achieve these goals.

Symbiosis Principal Giancarlo Mangone proposes a more ambitious and effective method for design teams to evaluate the ecological performance (sustainableness) of buildings, in his recently published double blind peer reviewed journal paper, Constructing hybrid infrastructure: Exploring the potential ecological, social, and economic benefits of integrating municipal infrastructure into constructed environments. His research indicates that incorporating municipal infrastructure systems into buildings and landscapes, as hybrid infrastructure, can be particularly effective ecologically, while providing a number of unique social and economic benefits as well.

Read more within the currently freely accessible journal publication (until July 8, 2016), via this weblink :

Wednesday, December 9, 2015

Symbiosis Principal Giancarlo Mangone’s new book on the performance benefits of integrating microforests into buildings is now available on

Symbiosis Principal Giancarlo Mangone's new book on performative microforests explores innovative research into the economic, social, and ecological performance benefits of integrating natural environments into office buildings, and describes why microforests are more effective sustainable solutions than other typical green building strategies, such as green roofs and green walls. Through both an in-depth review of existing literature and the presentation of cutting edge research conducted by the author, a diverse range of novel benefits that can be attained from integrating microforests into buildings are investigated. Integrating forests into buildings can reduce construction and operation costs, resource consumption rates, improve occupant productivity, creativity, and well-being, while also improving the health of local ecosystems. 

Microforests can help improve the economic, social, and ecological performance of buildings, occupants, and local communities.

The paperback version of this book is now available on
The digital version of this book is now available on the TU Delft Architecture and the Built Environment's website

Thursday, October 22, 2015

Integrating forests into buildings can reduce construction and operation costs, improve occupant productivity, creativity, and well-being, while also improving the health of local ecosystems. Learn how at Giancarlo Mangone's lecture and PhD defense, Oct. 29th at Delft University of Technology

Integrating forests into buildings can reduce construction and operation costs, improve occupant productivity, creativity, and well-being, while also improving the health of local ecosystems.  Learn how the design of microforests in buildings can provide a diverse range of economic, social, and ecological benefits at Symbiosis Principal Giancarlo Mangone’s PhD lecture and thesis defense at the Senaatszaal room in the Aula auditorium, at Delft University of Technology, 12pm on October 29th.

Tuesday, April 7, 2015

Employee productivity + creativity can be improved by working in natural environments, finds a study presented at ARCC 2015 by Symbiosis principal Giancarlo Mangone

                                          Semi-outdoor courtyard designed for high worker + building performance

Diverse natural environments improve worker performance for a range of work tasks, according to a new study presented at ARCC 2015 in Chicago by Symbiosis principal Giancarlo Mangone. The results of this study indicate that current work environments are ineffective at promoting worker performance. Companies can substantially increase their profits, and improve worker well being, by incorporating innovative, higher performance workspaces. To this end, a number of natural environments have been found to be particularly effective. For more information about this research project, visit the lecture at 9:00 in the Hyatt Regency in Chicago, on April 8, 2015.

Thursday, September 11, 2014

The integration of microforests in buildings can reduce energy use + increase worker productivity, reports a new scientific journal paper by Symbiosis Principal Giancarlo Mangone

Working in a vegetated environment was found to significantly improve the participants' thermal comfort, in a quasi experiment that was published in a recent issue of the peer reviewed scientific journal, Building and Environment (click the link for a free copy of the article until Oct. 1, 2014)

The participants' thermal comfort increased even in more extreme temperatures. Thus, the integration of a microforest, or densely vegetated spatial environment, in an office building can reduce building energy use, by allowing the temperature setpoint to be raised in the summer and lowered in the winter.

The results were based on a year long thermal comfort quasi experiment conducted in 2013 with approximately 70 office workers in The Netherlands, in which half of the participants had extensive vegetation in their workspace, while the other half didn't.

The operative temperature was varied throughout each testing period (one month per season). Plants were found to significantly improve occupant thermal comfort, including temperatures that were  warmer and cooler than they were accustomed to.

The results of this research indicate that incorporating microforests into buildings not only reduces energy costs, but also can make the building more resilient to mechanical failures, peak loads, the effects of climate change, etc. Potential additional benefits include reducing mechanical equipment sizing, and increasing worker productivity and well being.


Tuesday, October 15, 2013

Symbiosis principal Giancarlo Mangone’s PhD research concept integrated into Schmidt Hammer Lassen's design proposal, wins Norway’s ‘Nordic Built Challenge' Design Competition

                                                    Rendering Courtesy of Schmidt Hammer Lassen Architects

The 'Urban Mountain', our design team's winning submission, was awarded first place in Norway's Nordic Built Challenge. The jury commented that the 'Urban Mountain' "merges architectural design and environmental strategies in a manner no other entry quite reaches", it "insists on setting a new standard"

In order to achieve a BREEAM Outstanding performance rating, as well as integrate nature into the performance and experience of the project,  Giancarlo Mangone developed an innovative vegetation integrated thermal chimney advanced natural ventilation and air filtration system. This system was developed from strategies and results from his ongoing PhD research at TU Delft, and resulted in the incorporation of plants to filter the interior and exterior air, as well as provide spatial natural environments. This integration of natural environments was developed in a way that improved worker creativity and productivity, energy consumption rates, indoor air quality, interior daylighting potential, occupant thermal comfort, as well as provided high performance work spaces. The project also addressed the local ecosystem's ecological integrity by providing microhabitat patches for various local flora and fauna, and raises occupants ecological awareness through the provision of opportunities for direct interaction between people and a dynamic range of local habitats and biota.  These benefits improved the economic, energy, worker, and ecological performance of the project, and resulted in an innovative, high performance design solution.

The Nordic Built Challenge asked design teams to renovate a 25 story office building in downtown Oslo, Norway. The performance goal of the competition was to develop 'the most environmentally friendly rehabilitated building complex in the Nordic Region', and set 'a new design standard with bases in economy, environmental innovation and life cycle principles, for holistic rehabilitation of an existing, high rise office building. The design proposal must address Cradle to Cradle standards, and work towards being rated as BREEAM Excellent or Outstanding.

The design team included Schmidt Hammer Lassen Architects, Symbiosis : Sustainable Design + Consulting, Transsolar Energietechnik GmbH, Cradle to Cradle Denmark, COWI DK, Loop Architects